Better job conditions or higher salary?
Better job conditions or higher salary – which contributes to higher job satisfaction? is there an inflection point between them?
I assume that when someone asks this question they have above subsistence level of salary and just about acceptable job conditions. I also assume that “job conditions” are a complex set of attributes including physical environment, role, working hours, growth, recognition, the boss, colleagues, etc. Having assumed this, the question then becomes – would one be better satisfied in a job if the job conditions were improved substantially or if the salary was raised substantially?
Income tends to be an obvious and standard measurement of “satisfaction & happiness” by people across the globe. We can’t help but compare ourselves to our neighbours and friends, i.e. a house with a garden, two cars, or something else. Money can help with material stuff – a new car, a bigger house, an exotic vacation, etc. But is it enough? Will you compromise job conditions for money?
Research from Glassdoor Economic Research seems to suggest that salary contributes very little to job satisfaction (about 13%) whereas culture and value contributes the highest to overall satisfaction (over 27%).
The other thing to consider is the law of diminishing returns. At what salary levels does the curve between job satisfaction and money start flattening out? Or is it a linear relationship?
Before we reach a conclusion, I would like to add two other elements to this question to address it better. The first is temporal, by this I mean – “Where in your career are you – just starting out? Or with a good many years under your belt?”. Although there could be exceptions I would think that more salary would give a higher satisfaction during the early years of one’s career. Your experience would eventually teach you that salary is not enough, and that’s when “job conditions” would kick in and provide higher levels of satisfaction.
The second element is Social, and by this I mean a set of things like peer group and the broad social milieu in which one finds oneself. This element may completely distort the salary aspect. If you are influenced and surrounded by highly paid individuals & ostentatious displays of wealth then probably you would go for the salary at the cost of job conditions. On the other hand if you surround yourself with a fair mix of society then your satisfaction may not come from more & more money.
Of course ‘Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs’ would determine the satisfaction levels for each individual irrespective of age and experience. It would be great if there was a definite answer to the question – “Better job conditions or higher salary – which contributes to higher job satisfaction?” – since then organisation leadership and human resource departments would not have to spend considerable time in figuring out how to keep their people engaged and satisfied.